Many Are Presently at a Loss for Words

In Samara Daioub’s glossaries, blind spots and privileges are named to raise awareness of racism and to facilitate one’s own educational work. The terms collected here set in motion the necessary and long overdue confrontation of white people with racism.

Racism has long been talked about. In fact, it always has been, mainly by those affected.

The rest of the world—more precisely, the white world—has long enjoyed the privilege of looking away when Black people are murdered by the police, when People of Color are denied resources and access of any kind, and when mass murders of People of Color are committed, as in Hanau.

Ferhat Unvar, Gökhan Gültekin, Hamza Kurtović, Mercedes Kierpacz, Sedat Gürbüz, Kaloyan Velkov, Vili Viorel Păun, Fatih Saraçoğlu and Said Nessar Hashemi. We must never forget these names.

23 February 2020 the murder of Ahmaud Arbery, USA
13 March 2020 the murder of Breonna Taylor, USA
25 May 2020 the murder of George Floyd, USA

Many more became victims of racially motivated (police) violence in the USA before and after them.

Atatiana Jefferson, Aura Rosser, Stephon Clark, Botham Jean, Charleena Lyles, Phillando Castille, India Beaty, Alton Sterling, Nina Pop, Michelle Cusseaux, Tony McDade, Freddie Gray, Janisha Fonville, Eric Garner, Rekia Boyd, Akai Gurley, Gabriela Nevarez, Tamir Rice, Michael Brown, Tanisha Anderson and many more. We must never forget these names.

But also in Germany, we must be able to name the victims of racially motivated (police) violence.

Oury Jalloh, Ousman Sey, Laya-Alama Condé, Amad Ahmad, Halim Dener, Achidi John, Kola Bankole, Zdravko Nikolov Dimitrov, Aamir Ageeb, N’deye Mareame Sarr, Michael Paul Nwabusi, Dominique Koumadio, Slieman Hamade, Christy Schwundeck, Bekir B., Matiullah Jabarkhil, Rooble Leisure Warsame, Hussam Fadl, Yaya Jabbi and many more. We must never forget these names either.

2020 is the year in which an avalanche of pain, sadness and anger finally reaches the white majority society.

The time has come: the voices that have been loud for decades against this oppression, violence and unequal treatment are finally being heard. Actually, they have always been loud enough, but the privilege of white people not having to deal with the issue of racism is simply louder.

2020 is the year in which it will no longer be enough to say “I am not a racist!”.

2020 is the year in which we recognize that racism is a white problem, identify racist acts as such and educate ourselves, our friends and families.

2020 is the year in which we must seek discourse on racism, say the names of victims out loud and actively fight racism.

As a white, previously uninformed person, it can be difficult to suddenly HAVE to deal with guilt, shame and your own privileges.

Given that not having to do anything for so long was one of these privileges.

It is all the more important to go through this exhausting process of awareness in order to be able to confront and inform your own family and friends.

I have compiled the following glossaries based on my own experience with such confrontations and the fact that they can often lead nowhere. Some of the definitions I formulated myself, while the others are quoted from the book Was weiße Menschen nicht über Rassismus hören wollen, aber wissen sollten by Alice Hasters and the online glossaries of IDA e.V., Racial Equity Tools, Pacific University Oregon, Diversity Arts Culture and Gender Glossar.

In discussions, it is not only about having important and right arguments, it is also about using important and right words for these arguments. As long as we cannot name a concept, a structure or even a feeling, its existence will always be questioned. These terms are our tools to build our arguments in a secure and stable way. They can protect us from giving in to manipulative answers when we start naming the often unconscious yet toxic patterns of conversation.

These glossaries are intended to facilitate the first step towards our own educational work. Every beginning is difficult, but in this case it is urgently needed and long overdue.

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The General Equal Treatment Act (AGG) is the uniform central body of regulations in Germany for the implementation of four European anti-discrimination directives. For the first time, a law was created in Germany that comprehensively regulates protection against discrimination.

Imagination of a gender system that consists of only two categories, male and female. Assignment beyond which is only allowed, if at all, only as a deviation from the norm – hides the following: gender, sex, desire, performance.

Differences in values, attitudes, cultural perspective, beliefs, ethnic backgrounds, sexual orientation, gender identity, abilities, knowledge and life experiences of each individual in each group of people should be considered and overcome within the university.

The concept according to Birgit Rommelspacher assumes that there is a system of hierarchies, rule and power in which the various racist, sexist and other forms of government intertwine. In this interconnectedness, a dominant group has the power, which is socially negotiated again and again.

the personal idea of one‘s own gender and one‘s own gender role. Within society, gender is the concept according to which we classify various ideas such as social status, gender presentation, role in society, life planning and sexuality into the gender categories.

Discrimination based on the organisational actions of institutions. Institutional discrimination is not present in society as a whole.

In order to gain a comprehensive understanding of discrimination, its individual forms of discrimination must not be considered independently of each other, as they are interrelated.

Discrimination based on the value of economically and educationally unequally strong classes. This is related to discrimination and stigmatisation based on actual or assumed educational status and social inclusion. Thus, the inferior classes in the hierarchy are problematised and stereotyped.

Culturally argued racism is directed against people who, regardless of whether they actually practice one culture or religion (e.g. Islam, Judaism) and how religious they are. (e.g. anti-Muslim racism (AMR) and anti-Semitism)

Describes a displacement of minorities to the social fringe. As a rule, marginalised groups do not correspond to the norm-oriented majority of society and are severely restricted in their ability to act.

Describes the basic assumption that thinking and brain structures function individually. A medical norm and the disease mongering of everything supposedly divergent is called into question.

Discrimination based on ones ethnic roots.

The conceptual distinction between gender as a biological fact (sex) on the one hand and as a product of cultural and social processes (gender) .

Any form of discrimination against people on the basis of their (attributed or supposed) sex and the ideology underlying these phenomena.

A person‘s sexual orientation describes which sex a person feels emotionally, physically and/or sexually attracted to.

System of socio-cultural values and norms into which one is born (environments and classes), e.g. Educational biography, social inclusion. Values are constructed.

System of socio-cultural values and norms into which one is born (milieus and classes). e.g. Educational status and social inclusion. Values are constructed.

Discrimination of social subgroups based on the nature of the structure of society as a whole.

This term is not a self-designation, but a description of a reality of people who do not experience racism. white is written in small italics and reveals privileges, which are often not named as such. So the term is not about skin shades, but about the visualisation of different access to social resources.

Negative assessment of body and mind due to abilities and skills. An evaluation pattern based on a supposed biological (physical and / or mental) norm.

Discrimination e.g. in everyday life and law based on unequal power relationships between adults, children, adolescents and young people.

Skills and abilities are questioned and rated due to ones age.

Cis or cis-gender refers to people who identify with the gender assigned to them at birth. If this were not named, trans * would always be marked as the deviation of a given norm.

This term focuses on how people observe, (re-)produce and make gender relevant in everyday life.

Inter * are persons born with physical characteristics that are medically considered to be „sexually ambiguous“. The generic term Inter * has evolved from the community, and refers to the diversity of intersex realities and physicalities as an emancipatory and identitarian umbrella term.

Is a self-designation to unite people affected by racism and to fight together against power relations such as racism.

In English, ‚queer‘ was used as an insult for a long time. In the meantime, however, the term is usually used positively as a self-designation and describes the breaking out of the two-gender order as well as heteronormative concepts of life.

Reciprocal interactions as a multi-dimensional approach between the university and the non-university environment, which also includes the cultural, social and political dimensions on an equal footing.

A superficial gesture to include minority members. It is intended to create an appearance of inclusion and to divert allegations of discrimination by requiring a person to be representative of a minority.

„Trans“ is a Latin prefix, meaning beyond and refers to people who do not identify with the gender assigned to them at birth. The self-designation is not an identity feature that automatically indicates whether this person identifies with a different gender, gender or multiple genders. Thus, there are several trans identities.